Tag Archives: Business

DEVELOPMENT OF AN IMPACT INVESTING INDUSTRY

These are issues that I believe impact investment professionals will grapple with for the foreseeable future:

Impact Measurement. There is still no clear consensus on how to measure the social impact of impact investments. A number of methodologies have been developed, each seeking to create a standard that can be used across a wide range of investments.

  • IRIS is a catalog of impact metrics managed by the Global Impact Investor Network. IRIS is intended to provide a common language for measuring social, environmental and finance performance.
  • GIIRS ratings, developed by B Analytics uses the B Impact Assessment to rate the impact of a given investment or portfolio. The GIIRS rating includes an Overall Impact Business Model Rating, Overall Operations Rating and a Fund Manager Assessment.
  • The UN Global Compact measures companies’ performance in meeting universally recognized standards of human rights, labor, the environment, and anti-corruption. The Global Compact also encourages alignment with the UN Sustainable Development Goals.

In addition, several organizations have their own impact measurement methods tailored to suit their specific circumstances. Impact investors and social enterprises will need people who can sort through these methodologies, and understand how to apply them to their organizations.

Mainstreaming” of Impact Investments. When will impact investing become the norm? Will companies ever report social results alongside financial results as a matter of course?

Based on my experience at the IBL workshop, much of impact investing mirrors the startup world, involving relatively young and small companies whose value proposition includes some form of groundbreaking innovation. One sign of mainstreaming will be when we see larger, institution-sized impact investments. In addition, one wonders if we will see established, Fortune 500 companies reporting social impact results. These are companies that have tremendous influence on the global economy, the global workforce, and on communities and municipalities. They usually discuss their interactions with stakeholders in their annual reports, but that is not the same as an objective measurement of impact. How will impact influence executive compensation? Firm value? Corporate governance? Professional recruitment? These questions are being asked and discussed but the answers are still some distance away.

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3 Lessons from the 2015 Africa Business Conference at Harvard Business School

As usual there was a palpable spirit of optimism at this year’s Africa Business Conference at Harvard Business School. While the facts on the ground may not be as rosy, I did come away with several observations that will be helpful in current tasks as well as in plotting strategy in the medium and long term.

1. Storage and transportation of both inputs and goods for sale are critical to improving farm performance.

2. Institutional Private equity is well entrenched in Africa and the characteristics of a successful deal are increasingly well known. In the second panel on closing the electricity deficit the parameters for funding power projects were clearly laid out:

  • A quality PPA deal is required. This is the guarantee of cash flow that investors look for. They’re not all created equal. For example, local currency denomination is a deal killer since it adds currency risk to the equation.
  • The PE folks will also need a sovereign guarantee as an indication that the government supports the project.
  • As always a strong management team makes the deal much more attractive.

3. Startup capital especially for non-tech ventures is extremely difficult to find. Angel investors and venture capitalists are slowly finding their way to tech-related, high growth startups. For others, it’s tougher but there are a few possibilities:

  • Impact investors. If one can demonstrate measurable social benefit in addition to financial returns then a new set of potential investors becomes available. Many impact investors use the IRIS standard to assess social benefit. African companies would be wise to seek out experts who can help the make their case using IRIS
  • Multilateral/DFI capital. Organizations such as the African Development Bank and International Finance Corporation sometimes have special programs for ventures with attractive features such as environments sustainability.
  • Trade promotion agencies. Agencies such as the U.S. Export-Import Bank can often provide funding or lean guarantees for capital purchases that meet certain requirements.

As always the Harvard Business School Conference showed us an Africa on the move—not without its issues, but with opportunities for businesspeople to benefit themselves, their organizations and the African continent. Successful entrepreneurs will assemble a skilled team that can execute on their vision and achieve financial and social results.

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Major African Stock Index and Exchange Rate Changes in Q2-2014

Advansa International follows exchange rates and stock market indexes for several emerging and frontier markets. Exchange rates and stock indexes are recorded on the last trading day of the week. The tables below show changes from the last trading day of the last full week of the quarter for several key markets in Africa.

Table 1 

 STOCK MARKET INDEX TRACKER 2ND QUARTER 2014

AFRICA

COUNTRY

2ND QUARTER PCT CHANGE

GHANA-Local Currency

-1.42%

GHANA-US$

-18.45%

KENYA-Local Currency

-2.78%

KENYA-US$

-3.86%

NIGERIA-Local Currency

10.06%

NIGERIA-US$

11.33%

SOUTH AFRICA-Local Currency

5.62%

SOUTH AFRICA-US$

5.32%

WEST AFR. BOURSE-Local Currency

-2.17%

WEST AFR. BOURSE-US$

-2.99%

MSCI AFRICA-Local Currency

4.25%

MSCI AFRICA-US$

3.94%

MSCI EMERGING MARKETS-Local Currency

4.44%

MSCI EMERGING MARKETS-US$

6.22%

Sources: Stock exchangewebsites, Financial Times, Advansa International data

 

Table 2

2ND QUARTER 2014 EXCHANGE RATE TRACKER

AFRICA

COUNTRY

2ND QTR PCT CHG 

 

YTD JUN PCT CHANGE 

CFA AREA*

-0.81%

-0.99%

GHANA

-17.03%

-27.12%

KENYA

-1.07%

-1.94%

NIGERIA

1.27%

-1.49%

SOUTH AFRICA

-0.30%

-1.42%

TANZANIA

-1.09%

-4.35%

UGANDA

-1.85%

-3.70%

Sources: Financial Times, Advansa International data

*Includes most French speaking countries such as Benin, Cameroon, Cote D’ivoire, Guinea, Senegal, Togo and others

The big markets–Nigeria and South Africa performed well. Both markets were up in local currency and in dollars.It appears that the long term story–the demographic boom, the growing middle class, the improved political environment in some countries–are causing investors to look past current bumps in the road.

Despite lackluster growth, South African stocks have been strong. The country remains an attractive investment destination, its stock market being the largest and most liquid in Africa.

Nigerian stocks have proven attractive to investors and Boko Haram attacks and new competition from North American shale oil have not changed anyone’s thinking so far. Most of the market activity is in the financial services sector lead by such firms as Access Capital and Guaranty Bank. Consumer goods companies such as Nigerian Brew have also showed strength. The naira actually gained a little during the quarter and remains within the narrow range that has prevailed all year.

In Ghana, currency weakness continues as the nation has sought IMF assistance to help get its accounts back toward balance. Trading activity is as usual dominated by the large consumer and financial service companies such as Fan Milk, UT Bank, and EcoBank. The stock market has weakened, reflecting caution among investors even though the economy is still growing. Could be a chance to get in the market cheap.

In fact, the current period is a possible second chance for international investors to invest in African assets at favorable prices when exchange rates make deals affordable and much of the bad news is already priced in.

 

 

 

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Major African Stock Index and Exchange Rate Changes in Q1-2014

 

 

 

Advansa International follows exchange rates and stock market indexes for several emerging and frontier markets. Exchange rates and stock indexes are recorded on the last trading day of the week. The tables below show changes from the last trading day of the last full week of the quarter for several key markets in Africa.

Table 1 

 STOCK MARKET INDEX TRACKER 1ST QUARTER 2014

AFRICA

COUNTRY

1ST QUARTER PCT CHANGE

GHANA-Local Currency

11.37%

GHANA-US$

-0.80%

KENYA-Local Currency

1.76%

KENYA-US$

0.88%

NIGERIA-Local Currency

-4.72%

NIGERIA-US$

-7.45%

SOUTH AFRICA-Local Currency

0.48%

SOUTH AFRICA-US$

3.68%

WEST AFR. BOURSE-Local Currency

5.07%

WEST AFR. BOURSE-US$

4.88%

MSCI AFRICA-Local Currency

3.80%

MSCI AFRICA-US$

0.33%

MSCI EMERGING MARKETS-Local Currency

0.79%

MSCI EMERGING MARKETS-US$

-0.23%

Sources: Stock exchangewebsites, Financial Times, Advansa International data

 

Table 2

1ST QUARTER 2014 EXCHANGE RATE TRACKER

AFRICA

COUNTRY

1ST QTR PCT CHG

YTD

MAR PCT CHANGE

CFA AREA*

-0.18%

-0.18%

GHANA

-12.16%

-12.16%

KENYA

-0.88%

-0.88%

NIGERIA

-2.73%

-2.73%

SOUTH AFRICA

-1.12%

-1.12%

TANZANIA

-3.30%

-3.30%

UGANDA

-1.88%

-1.88%

Sources: Financial Times, Advansa International data

*Includes most French speaking countries such as Benin, Cameroon, Cote D’ivoire, Guinea, Senegal, Togo and others

2014 marks a change in investor sentiment towards the emerging and frontier markets. We see a shift from the mad rush into EMs of the past 3-4 years to people wondering if all the emerging market hype is a bit overblown. The announcement of tapering by the US Fed in 2013 was the trigger. In Africa the new outlook is manifest in continued currency weakness and retrenchment in several key stock indexes.

Every currency in our table lost ground in the first quarter. This is in spite of monetary tightening and rising interest rates across the board. Indeed, monetary policy in most of these markets has been fairly rational. On the fiscal side, however governments are finding it difficult to control spending. These are countries with young populations climbing out of poverty. They are at a developmental stage that demands rapid growth and are under tremendous political pressure to deliver social services and better infrastructure, all of which leads to deficits in the trade and fiscal accounts.

Ghana is a conspicuous example among this group. We see from the tables that Ghanaian stocks performed quite well while the currency was the weakest among prominent African economies. Many companies are performing well and investors anticipate future growth so stock prices are rising. However the trade benefits of the nascent oil sector have not materialized and have in fact generated additional imports as production ramps up. Thus the trade balance deteriorates. The resulting inflation on top of politically driven spending increases puts downward pressure on the cedi.

Yet it is these same characteristics that make the emerging markets such as Ghana attractive to investors. Among the larger markets that attract most of the trading volume, the currency issue is not as urgent. If this is a short term correction and if governments and investors don’t panic, then the long term trends will continue to imply growth and favorable investment outcomes.

 

 

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Emerging Markets Exchange Rates & Interest Rates 14 March 2014

 

 

EXCHANGE RATES 3/7/2014 3/14/2014 %CHG
AMERICAS
 
ARGENTINA 7.8613 7.8945 -0.42%
BRAZIL 2.3407 2.3598 -0.81%
CHILE 565.3500 571.5900 -1.09%
COLUMBIA 2,038.3300 2,041.4800 -0.15%
COSTA RICA 559.6900 549.9650 1.77%
JAMAICA 108.2650 108.7450 -0.44%
MEXICO 13.1922 13.2290 -0.28%
PERU 2.8035 2.8040 -0.02%
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 6.3820 6.3810 0.02%
VENEZUELA 6.2921 6.2921 0.00%
 
 
AFRICA
 
BOTSWANA 8.7873 8.8456 -0.66%
COTE D’IVOIRE (CFA) 473.2050 471.0640 0.45%
GHANA 2.5333 2.5520 -0.73%
KENYA 86.5500 86.5000 0.06%
NAMIBIA 10.7383 10.7215 0.16%
NIGERIA 164.6000 164.6500 -0.03%
SENEGAL (CFA) 473.2050 471.0640 0.45%
SOUTH AFRICA 10.7383 10.7215 0.16%
TANZANIA 1,633.0000 1,635.5000 -0.15%
UGANDA 2,515.0000 2,520.0000 -0.20%
ZAMBIA 5.9600 6.0500 -1.49%
ZAMBIA-Boz Bid 5.9401 6.0208 -1.34%
ZAMBIA-Boz Ask 5.9501 6.0308 -1.34%
ZIMBABWE 378.0000 378.0000 0.00%
 
INDIA 61.0950 61.1650 -0.11%
 
 
INTEREST RATES 3/7/2014 3/14/2014
 
UNITED STATES
3 month T-Bill 0.06% 0.05%
6 Month T-Bill 0.09% 0.08%
10 Year T-Bond 2.80% 2.65%
30 Yr Fixed Mortgage-Bankrate.com 4.45% 4.50%
30 Yr Fixed Mortgage-MBA 4.52%
 
 
AMERICAS
 
BRAZIL
SELIC Rate-Daily 10.65% 10.65%
 
MEXICO
3 Month T-Bill 3.29% 3.30%
6 Month T-Bill 3.45% 3.44%
1 Year T-Bill 3.64% 3.62%
 
PERU
Central Bank Reference Rate 4.00% 4.00%
 
AFRICA
 
GHANA
3 Month T-Bill 21.23% 22.89%
6 Month T-Bill 20.99% 21.11%
1 Year T-Bill 17.00% 20.00%
2 Year T-Bill 17.50% 20.00%
3 Year T-Bill
5 Year T-Bill
 
KENYA
3 Month T-Bill 9.12% 8.95%
6 Month T-Bill 10.35% 10.05%
1 Year T-Bond 10.61% 10.41%
4 Year T-Bond
 
NAMIBIA
3 month T-Bill
6 Month T-Bill
1 Year T-Bill
 
NIGERIA
91 Day Gov’t Security-OMO
182 Day Gov’t Security-OMO
364 Day Gov’t Security-OMO
91 Day Gov’t Security-PMO 12.25% 12.25%
182 Day Gov’t Security-PMO 14.31% 14.31%
364 Day Gov’t Security-PMO 15.61% 15.61%
 
SOUTH AFRICA
3 Month T-Bill 5.76% 5.75%
6 Month T-Bill 6.21% 6.21%
1 Year T-Bill 6.63% 6.50%
10.5% (2026) 8.44% 8.54%
13.5% (2015) 6.94% 7.01%
 
UGANDA
3 month T-Bill 9.76% 9.76%
6 Month T-Bill
1 Year T-Bill
2 Year T-Bond 13.72% 13.72%
3 Year T-Bond 13.19% 13.19%
5 Year T-Bond 13.92% 13.92%
10 Year T-Bond 13.94% 13.94%
 
ZAMBIA
3 Month T-Bill 8.00% 8.00%
6 Month T-Bill 14.90% 15.00%
1 Year T-Bill 15.23% 15.45%
2 Year T-Bill 14.00% 14.00%
3 Year T-Bill 15.00% 15.00%
5 Year T-Bond 16.00% 16.00%
10 Year T-Bond 17.90% 17.90%
15 Year T-Bond 17.90% 17.90%
INDIA
3 Month T-Bill 9.19% 9.27%
6 Month T-Bill 9.10% 9.12%
1 Year T-Bill 9.03% 9.03%
Base Lending Rate 10.25% 10.25%
Policy Rate 9.00% 9.00%

 

 

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Emerging Markets Exchange Rates & Interest Rates – 7 March 2014

 

 

EXCHANGE RATES 2/28/2014 3/7/2014 %CHG
AMERICAS  
   
ARGENTINA 7.8725 7.8613 0.14%
BRAZIL 2.3360 2.3407 -0.20%
CHILE 557.9550 565.3500 -1.31%
COLUMBIA 2047.4500 2,038.3300 0.45%
COSTA RICA 546.0600 559.6900 -2.44%
JAMAICA 108.0050 108.2650 -0.24%
MEXICO 13.2443 13.1922 0.39%
PERU 2.7985 2.8035 -0.18%
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 6.4100 6.4100 0.00%
VENEZUELA 6.2921 6.2921 0.00%
   
   
AFRICA  
   
BOTSWANA 8.8339 8.7873 0.53%
COTE D’IVOIRE (CFA) 474.9350 473.2050 0.37%
GHANA 2.5800 2.5333 1.84%
KENYA 86.4500 86.5500 -0.12%
NAMIBIA 10.7418 10.7383 0.03%
NIGERIA 164.9500 164.6000 0.21%
SENEGAL (CFA) 474.9350 473.2050 0.37%
SOUTH AFRICA 10.7418 10.7383 0.03%
TANZANIA 1625.0000 1,633.0000 -0.49%
UGANDA 2535.0000 2,515.0000 0.80%
ZAMBIA 5.8250 5.9600 -2.27%
ZAMBIA-Boz Bid 5.8012 5.9401 -2.34%
ZAMBIA-Boz Ask 5.8112 5.9501 -2.33%
ZIMBABWE 378.0000 378.0000 0.00%
   
INDIA 61.9800 61.0950 1.45%
 
 
INTEREST RATES 2/28/2014 3/7/2014
 
UNITED STATES
3 month T-Bill 0.05% 0.06%
6 Month T-Bill 0.08% 0.09%
10 Year T-Bond 2.56% 2.80%
30 Yr Fixed Mortgage-Bankrate.com 4.48% 4.45%
30 Yr Fixed Mortgage-MBA
 
 
AMERICAS
 
BRAZIL
SELIC Rate-Daily 10.65% 10.65%
 
MEXICO
3 Month T-Bill 3.30% 3.29%
6 Month T-Bill 3.49% 3.45%
1 Year T-Bill 3.66% 3.64%
 
PERU
Central Bank Reference Rate 4.00% 4.00%
 
AFRICA
 
GHANA
3 Month T-Bill 21.08% 21.23%
6 Month T-Bill 20.94% 20.99%
1 Year T-Bill 17.00% 17.00%
2 Year T-Bill 17.50% 17.50%
3 Year T-Bill
5 Year T-Bill
 
KENYA
3 Month T-Bill 9.15% 9.12%
6 Month T-Bill 10.36% 10.35%
1 Year T-Bond 10.67% 10.61%
4 Year T-Bond
 
NAMIBIA
3 month T-Bill
6 Month T-Bill
1 Year T-Bill
 
NIGERIA
91 Day Gov’t Security-OMO
182 Day Gov’t Security-OMO
364 Day Gov’t Security-OMO
91 Day Gov’t Security-PMO 12.26% 12.25%
182 Day Gov’t Security-PMO 14.06% 14.31%
364 Day Gov’t Security-PMO 15.20% 15.61%
 
SOUTH AFRICA
3 Month T-Bill 5.59% 5.76%
6 Month T-Bill 6.16% 6.21%
1 Year T-Bill 6.67% 6.63%
10.5% (2026) 8.56% 8.44%
13.5% (2015) 7.13% 6.94%
 
UGANDA
3 month T-Bill 9.56% 9.76%
6 Month T-Bill
1 Year T-Bill
2 Year T-Bond 13.72% 13.72%
3 Year T-Bond 13.19% 13.19%
5 Year T-Bond 13.92% 13.92%
10 Year T-Bond 13.94% 13.94%
 
ZAMBIA
3 Month T-Bill 8.00% 8.00%
6 Month T-Bill 14.90% 14.90%
1 Year T-Bill 15.23% 15.23%
2 Year T-Bill 14.00% 14.00%
3 Year T-Bill 15.00% 15.00%
5 Year T-Bond 16.00% 16.00%
10 Year T-Bond 17.90% 17.90%
15 Year T-Bond 17.90% 17.90%
INDIA
3 Month T-Bill 9.15% 9.19%
6 Month T-Bill 9.10% 9.10%
1 Year T-Bill 9.00% 9.03%
Base Lending Rate 10.25% 10.25%
Policy Rate 9.00% 9.00%

 

 

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Emerging Markets Exchange Rates & Interest Rates 28 February 2014

 

 

EXCHANGE RATES 2/21/2014 2/28/2014 %CHG
AMERICAS    
     
ARGENTINA 7.8375 7.8725 -0.44%
BRAZIL 2.3556 2.3360 0.84%
CHILE 554.1400 557.9550 -0.68%
COLUMBIA 2,045.2300 2047.4500 -0.11%
COSTA RICA 529.8500 546.0600 -2.97%
JAMAICA 107.7600 108.0050 -0.23%
MEXICO 13.2690 13.2443 0.19%
PERU 2.8065 2.7985 0.29%
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 6.4100 6.4100 0.00%
VENEZUELA 6.2921 6.2921 0.00%
   
   
AFRICA  
   
BOTSWANA 8.9928 8.8339 1.80%
COTE D’IVOIRE (CFA) 477.2330 474.9350 0.48%
GHANA 2.5200 2.5800 -2.33%
KENYA 86.2000 86.4500 -0.29%
NAMIBIA 10.9455 10.7418 1.90%
NIGERIA 165.0000 164.9500 0.03%
SENEGAL (CFA) 477.2330 474.9350 0.48%
SOUTH AFRICA 10.9455 10.7418 1.90%
TANZANIA 1,627.0000 1625.0000 0.12%
UGANDA 2,460.0000 2535.0000 -2.96%
ZAMBIA 5.7850 5.8250 -0.69%
ZAMBIA-Boz Bid 5.7742 5.8012 -0.47%
ZAMBIA-Boz Ask 5.7842 5.8112 -0.46%
ZIMBABWE 378.0000 378.0000 0.00%
   
INDIA 62.0750 61.9800 0.15%
 
 
INTEREST RATES 2/21/2014 2/28/2014
 
UNITED STATES
3 month T-Bill 0.05% 0.05%
6 Month T-Bill 0.08% 0.08%
10 Year T-Bond 2.73% 2.56%
30 Yr Fixed Mortgage-Bankrate.com 4.49% 4.48%
30 Yr Fixed Mortgage-MBA 4.53%
 
 
AMERICAS
 
BRAZIL
SELIC Rate-Daily 10.40% 10.65%
 
MEXICO
3 Month T-Bill 3.36% 3.30%
6 Month T-Bill 3.50% 3.49%
1 Year T-Bill 3.69% 3.66%
 
PERU
Central Bank Reference Rate 4.00% 4.00%
 
AFRICA
 
GHANA
3 Month T-Bill 20.79% 21.08%
6 Month T-Bill 20.27% 20.94%
1 Year T-Bill 17.00% 17.00%
2 Year T-Bill 17.50% 17.50%
3 Year T-Bill 23.00%
5 Year T-Bill
 
KENYA
3 Month T-Bill 9.15% 9.15%
6 Month T-Bill 10.36% 10.36%
1 Year T-Bond 10.67% 10.67%
4 Year T-Bond
 
NAMIBIA
3 month T-Bill
6 Month T-Bill
1 Year T-Bill
 
NIGERIA
91 Day Gov’t Security-OMO
182 Day Gov’t Security-OMO
364 Day Gov’t Security-OMO
91 Day Gov’t Security-PMO 12.10% 12.26%
182 Day Gov’t Security-PMO 13.01% 14.06%
364 Day Gov’t Security-PMO 14.07% 15.20%
 
SOUTH AFRICA
3 Month T-Bill 5.50% 5.59%
6 Month T-Bill 6.07% 6.16%
1 Year T-Bill 6.58% 6.67%
10.5% (2026) 8.65% 8.56%
13.5% (2015) 7.34% 7.13%
 
UGANDA
3 month T-Bill 9.27% 9.56%
6 Month T-Bill
1 Year T-Bill
2 Year T-Bond 13.04% 13.72%
3 Year T-Bond 13.19% 13.19%
5 Year T-Bond 13.92% 13.92%
10 Year T-Bond 13.94% 13.94%
 
ZAMBIA
3 Month T-Bill 8.00% 8.00%
6 Month T-Bill 14.99% 14.90%
1 Year T-Bill 15.30% 15.23%
2 Year T-Bill 14.00% 14.00%
3 Year T-Bill 15.00% 15.00%
5 Year T-Bond 16.00% 16.00%
10 Year T-Bond 17.90% 17.90%
15 Year T-Bond 17.90% 17.90%
INDIA
3 Month T-Bill 9.11% 9.15%
6 Month T-Bill 9.08% 9.10%
1 Year T-Bill 9.00% 9.00%
Base Lending Rate 10.25% 10.25%
Policy Rate 9.00% 9.00%

 

 

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Emerging Markets Exchange Rates & Interest Rates 21 February 2014

 

 

EXCHANGE RATES 2/14/2014 2/21/2014 %CHG
AMERICAS  
   
ARGENTINA 7.7900 7.8375 -0.61%
BRAZIL 2.3875 2.3556 1.35%
CHILE 547.1050 554.1400 -1.27%
COLUMBIA 2022.4500 2,045.2300 -1.11%
COSTA RICA 524.2150 529.8500 -1.06%
JAMAICA 107.5600 107.7600 -0.19%
MEXICO 13.2538 13.2690 -0.11%
PERU 2.8155 2.8065 0.32%
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 6.4100 6.4100 0.00%
VENEZUELA 6.2921 6.2921 0.00%
   
   
AFRICA  
   
BOTSWANA 8.9326 8.9928 -0.67%
COTE D’IVOIRE (CFA) 479.2910 477.2330 0.43%
GHANA 2.5500 2.5200 1.19%
KENYA 86.4000 86.2000 0.23%
NAMIBIA 10.8690 10.9455 -0.70%
NIGERIA 162.9300 165.0000 -1.25%
SENEGAL (CFA) 479.2910 477.2330 0.43%
SOUTH AFRICA 10.8690 10.9455 -0.70%
TANZANIA 1625.0000 1,627.0000 -0.12%
UGANDA 2465.0000 2,460.0000 0.20%
ZAMBIA 5.7300 5.7850 -0.95%
ZAMBIA-Boz Bid 5.6932 5.7742 -1.40%
ZAMBIA-Boz Ask 5.7032 5.7842 -1.40%
ZIMBABWE 378.0000 378.0000 0.00%
   
INDIA 62.0900 62.0750 0.02%
 
 
INTEREST RATES 2/14/2014 2/21/2014
 
UNITED STATES
3 month T-Bill 0.02% 0.05%
6 Month T-Bill 0.07% 0.08%
10 Year T-Bond 2.75% 2.73%
30 Yr Fixed Mortgage-Bankrate.com 4.48% 4.49%
30 Yr Fixed Mortgage-MBA 4.50%
 
 
AMERICAS
 
BRAZIL
SELIC Rate-Daily 10.40% 10.40%
 
MEXICO
3 Month T-Bill 3.40% 3.36%
6 Month T-Bill 3.51% 3.50%
1 Year T-Bill 3.71% 3.69%
 
PERU
Central Bank Reference Rate 4.00% 4.00%
 
AFRICA
 
GHANA
3 Month T-Bill 20.12% 20.79%
6 Month T-Bill 19.85% 20.27%
1 Year T-Bill 17.00% 17.00%
2 Year T-Bill 16.30% 17.50%
3 Year T-Bill 23.00%
5 Year T-Bill
 
KENYA
3 Month T-Bill 9.15% 9.15%
6 Month T-Bill 10.36% 10.36%
1 Year T-Bond 10.67% 10.67%
4 Year T-Bond
 
NAMIBIA
3 month T-Bill
6 Month T-Bill
1 Year T-Bill
 
NIGERIA
91 Day Gov’t Security-OMO
182 Day Gov’t Security-OMO
364 Day Gov’t Security-OMO
91 Day Gov’t Security-PMO 12.10% 12.10%
182 Day Gov’t Security-PMO 13.01% 13.01%
364 Day Gov’t Security-PMO 14.07% 14.07%
 
SOUTH AFRICA
3 Month T-Bill 5.54% 5.50%
6 Month T-Bill 6.06% 6.07%
1 Year T-Bill 6.54% 6.58%
10.5% (2026) 8.75% 8.65%
13.5% (2015) 7.16% 7.34%
 
UGANDA
3 month T-Bill 9.27% 9.27%
6 Month T-Bill
1 Year T-Bill
2 Year T-Bond 13.04% 13.04%
3 Year T-Bond 13.19% 13.19%
5 Year T-Bond 13.92% 13.92%
10 Year T-Bond 13.94% 13.94%
 
ZAMBIA
3 Month T-Bill 8.00% 8.00%
6 Month T-Bill 14.99% 14.99%
1 Year T-Bill 15.30% 15.30%
2 Year T-Bill 14.00% 14.00%
3 Year T-Bill 15.50% 15.00%
5 Year T-Bond 16.50% 16.00%
10 Year T-Bond 18.15% 17.90%
15 Year T-Bond 18.00% 17.90%
INDIA
3 Month T-Bill 9.11% 9.11%
6 Month T-Bill 9.08% 9.08%
1 Year T-Bill 8.97% 9.00%
Base Lending Rate 10.25% 10.25%
Policy Rate 9.00% 9.00%

 

 

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Emerging Markets Exchange Rates & Interest Rates 14 February 2014

 

 

EXCHANGE RATES 2/7/2014 2/14/2014 %CHG
AMERICAS    
     
ARGENTINA 7.8555 7.7900 0.84%
BRAZIL 2.3908 2.3875 0.14%
CHILE 554.0350 547.1050 1.27%
COLUMBIA 2,050.2300 2022.4500 1.37%
COSTA RICA 525.8800 524.2150 0.32%
JAMAICA 107.3700 107.5600 -0.18%
MEXICO 13.3525 13.2538 0.74%
PERU 2.8215 2.8155 0.21%
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 6.4100 6.4100 0.00%
VENEZUELA 6.2921 6.2921 0.00%
   
   
AFRICA  
   
BOTSWANA 8.9969 8.9326 0.72%
COTE D’IVOIRE (CFA) 481.6660 479.2910 0.50%
GHANA 2.4100 2.5500 -5.49%
KENYA 86.0000 86.4000 -0.46%
NAMIBIA 11.0790 10.8690 1.93%
NIGERIA 163.3700 162.9300 0.27%
SENEGAL (CFA) 481.6660 479.2910 0.50%
SOUTH AFRICA 11.0790 10.8690 1.93%
TANZANIA 1,621.0000 1625.0000 -0.25%
UGANDA 2,467.0000 2465.0000 0.08%
ZAMBIA 5.6100 5.7300 -2.09%
ZAMBIA-Boz Bid 5.5985 5.6932 -1.66%
ZAMBIA-Boz Ask 5.6085 5.7032 -1.66%
ZIMBABWE 378.0000 378.0000 0.00%
   
INDIA 62.3600 62.0900 0.43%
 
 
INTEREST RATES 2/7/2014 2/14/2014
 
UNITED STATES
3 month T-Bill 0.08% 0.02%
6 Month T-Bill 0.09% 0.07%
10 Year T-Bond 2.71% 2.75%
30 Yr Fixed Mortgage-Bankrate.com 4.43% 4.48%
30 Yr Fixed Mortgage-MBA 4.45%
 
 
AMERICAS
 
BRAZIL
SELIC Rate-Daily 10.40% 10.40%
 
MEXICO
3 Month T-Bill 3.41% 3.40%
6 Month T-Bill 3.51% 3.51%
1 Year T-Bill 3.69% 3.71%
 
PERU
Central Bank Reference Rate 4.00% 4.00%
 
AFRICA
 
GHANA
3 Month T-Bill 19.52% 20.12%
6 Month T-Bill 19.34% 19.85%
1 Year T-Bill 17.00% 17.00%
2 Year T-Bill 16.00% 16.30%
3 Year T-Bill
5 Year T-Bill
 
KENYA
3 Month T-Bill 9.17% 9.15%
6 Month T-Bill 10.34% 10.36%
1 Year T-Bond 10.67% 10.67%
4 Year T-Bond
 
NAMIBIA
3 month T-Bill
6 Month T-Bill
1 Year T-Bill
 
NIGERIA
91 Day Gov’t Security-OMO
182 Day Gov’t Security-OMO
364 Day Gov’t Security-OMO
91 Day Gov’t Security-PMO 12.10% 12.10%
182 Day Gov’t Security-PMO 13.01% 13.01%
364 Day Gov’t Security-PMO 14.07% 14.07%
 
SOUTH AFRICA
3 Month T-Bill 5.59% 5.54%
6 Month T-Bill 6.13% 6.06%
1 Year T-Bill 6.79% 6.54%
10.5% (2026) 8.69% 8.75%
13.5% (2015) 7.09% 7.16%
 
UGANDA
3 month T-Bill 9.27% 9.27%
6 Month T-Bill
1 Year T-Bill
2 Year T-Bond 13.04% 13.04%
3 Year T-Bond 13.19% 13.19%
5 Year T-Bond 13.92% 13.92%
10 Year T-Bond 13.92% 13.94%
 
ZAMBIA
3 Month T-Bill 8.00% 8.00%
6 Month T-Bill 14.99% 14.99%
1 Year T-Bill 15.30% 15.30%
2 Year T-Bill 14.00% 14.00%
3 Year T-Bill 15.50% 15.50%
5 Year T-Bond 16.50% 16.50%
10 Year T-Bond 18.15% 18.15%
15 Year T-Bond 18.00% 18.00%
INDIA
3 Month T-Bill 8.98% 9.11%
6 Month T-Bill 8.95% 9.08%
1 Year T-Bill 8.97% 8.97%
Base Lending Rate 10.25% 10.25%
Policy Rate 9.00% 9.00%

 

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Emerging Markets Exchange Rates & Interest Rates – 7 February 2014

 

 

EXCHANGE RATES 1/31/2014 2/7/2014 %CHG
AMERICAS
 
ARGENTINA 8.0200 7.8555 2.09%
BRAZIL 2.4218 2.3908 1.30%
CHILE 556.2750 554.0350 0.40%
COLUMBIA 2,023.7800 2,050.2300 -1.29%
COSTA RICA 512.5100 525.8800 -2.54%
JAMAICA 107.1900 107.3700 -0.17%
MEXICO 13.3818 13.3525 0.22%
PERU 2.8215 2.8215 0.00%
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 6.4100 6.4100 0.00%
VENEZUELA 6.2921 6.2921 0.00%
 
 
AFRICA
 
BOTSWANA 9.1366 8.9969 1.55%
COTE D’IVOIRE (CFA) 486.4170 481.6660 0.99%
GHANA 2.3800 2.4100 -1.24%
KENYA 86.4500 86.0000 0.52%
NAMIBIA 11.1688 11.0790 0.81%
NIGERIA 162.2500 163.3700 -0.69%
SENEGAL (CFA) 486.4170 481.6660 0.99%
SOUTH AFRICA 11.1688 11.0790 0.81%
TANZANIA 1,624.0000 1,621.0000 0.19%
UGANDA 2,475.0000 2,467.0000 0.32%
ZAMBIA 5.5850 5.6100 -0.45%
ZAMBIA-Boz Bid 5.5765 5.5985 -0.39%
ZAMBIA-Boz Ask 5.5865 5.6085 -0.39%
ZIMBABWE 378.0000 378.0000 0.00%
 
INDIA 62.6550 62.3600 0.47%
 
 
INTEREST RATES 1/31/2014 2/7/2014
 
UNITED STATES
3 month T-Bill 0.02% 0.08%
6 Month T-Bill 0.06% 0.09%
10 Year T-Bond 2.67% 2.71%
30 Yr Fixed Mortgage-Bankrate.com 4.50% 4.43%
30 Yr Fixed Mortgage-MBA 4.47%
 
 
AMERICAS
 
BRAZIL
SELIC Rate-Daily 10.40% 10.40%
 
MEXICO
3 Month T-Bill 3.43% 3.41%
6 Month T-Bill 3.57% 3.51%
1 Year T-Bill 3.69%
 
PERU
Central Bank Reference Rate 4.00% 4.00%
 
AFRICA
 
GHANA
3 Month T-Bill 19.62% 19.52%
6 Month T-Bill 19.44% 19.34%
1 Year T-Bill 17.00% 17.00%
2 Year T-Bill 16.00% 16.00%
3 Year T-Bill
5 Year T-Bill
 
KENYA
3 Month T-Bill 9.17% 9.17%
6 Month T-Bill 10.34% 10.34%
1 Year T-Bond 10.67% 10.67%
4 Year T-Bond
 
NAMIBIA
3 month T-Bill
6 Month T-Bill
1 Year T-Bill
 
NIGERIA
91 Day Gov’t Security-OMO
182 Day Gov’t Security-OMO
364 Day Gov’t Security-OMO
91 Day Gov’t Security-PMO 11.05% 12.10%
182 Day Gov’t Security-PMO 12.70% 13.01%
364 Day Gov’t Security-PMO 13.92% 14.07%
 
SOUTH AFRICA
3 Month T-Bill 5.18% 5.59%
6 Month T-Bill 5.57% 6.13%
1 Year T-Bill 5.88% 6.79%
10.5% (2026) 8.83% 8.69%
13.5% (2015) 7.29% 7.09%
 
UGANDA
3 month T-Bill 8.76% 9.27%
6 Month T-Bill
1 Year T-Bill
2 Year T-Bond 13.04% 13.04%
3 Year T-Bond 13.19% 13.19%
5 Year T-Bond 13.92% 13.92%
10 Year T-Bond 13.92% 13.92%
 
ZAMBIA
3 Month T-Bill 8.00% 8.00%
6 Month T-Bill 14.99% 14.99%
1 Year T-Bill 15.40% 15.30%
2 Year T-Bill 14.00% 14.00%
3 Year T-Bill 15.50% 15.50%
5 Year T-Bond 16.50% 16.50%
10 Year T-Bond 18.15% 18.15%
15 Year T-Bond 18.00% 18.00%
INDIA
3 Month T-Bill 8.90% 8.98%
6 Month T-Bill 8.95% 8.95%
1 Year T-Bill 8.67% 8.97%
Base Lending Rate 10.25% 10.25%
Policy Rate 9.00% 9.00%

 

 

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