Category Archives: Caribbean

8 WAYS TO ASSESS THE IMPACT OF #AFRICAN #TECH #STARTUPS

 

I. Jobs Created

  • We of course want to know the total number of jobs created by startups. In addition we need to understand the type of jobs created and how that fits with the profile of the national labor force. What are the salary levels and how do they compare to the local statutory minimum wage? Will these startups have a significant impact on their local labor markets?

II. Capital Raised

  • Are these startups attracting new capital to Africa?
  • Are they attracting foreign capital from other African countries?
  • Are they attracting capital from within their own countries?

III. Increase in Skills and Know-How

  • Are the startups introducing new technology or management practices
  • Are skills and know-how spreading beyond the universities to the general population?

IV. Return on Capital Invested

  • Have investors in African startups experienced favorable outcomes?

V. Export Revenue Within and Outside Africa

  • Are African startups exporting?
  • Are African startups enabling exports by other companies in their home countries?

VI. Supportive of African Business

  • In what other tangible ways have these startups helped foster the growth of African businesses?
  • Training
  • Access to customers
  • Access to capital

VII. Social Impact

  • Environmental
  • Education
  • Poverty reduction
  • Financial inclusion

VIII. Intangibles

  • Inspiration – Is there a 12 year old girl in a village saying “I want to be an entrepreneur too!”
  • Positive influence on government – Is there a community of entrepreneurs who can make their voice heard in the halls of government to strengthen the entrepreneurial ecosystem?
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Major Latam Stock Index & Exchange Rate Changes in Q3-2014

Advansa International follows exchange rates and stock market indexes for several emerging and frontier markets. Exchange rates and stock indexes are recorded on the last trading day of the week. The tables below show changes from the last trading day of the last full week of the quarter for several key markets in Latin America, and the Caribbean.

Table 1 

 STOCK MARKET INDEX TRACKER 3RD QUARTER 2014

LATIN AMERICA/CARIBBEAN

COUNTRY

3RD QUARTER PCT CHANGE

ARGENTINA MERVAL-Local Currency

62.64%

ARGENTINA MERVAL-US$

59.06%

BRAZIL BOVESPA-Local Currency

7.63%

BRAZIL BOVESPA-US$

-2.07%

COLUMBIA IGBC-Local Currency

-2.76%

COLUMBIA IGBC-US$

-9.96%

JAMAICA MAIN INDEX-Local Currency

3.44%

JAMAICA MAIN INDEX-US$

2.74%

MEXICO-Local Currency

4.71%

MEXICO-US$

1.33%

MSCI LATIN AMERICA-Local Currency

5.29%

MSCI LATIN AMERICA-US$

-2.62%

MSCI EMERGING MARKETS-Local Currency

1.44%

MSCI EMERGING MARKETS-US$

-2.13%

Sources: Stock exchange websites, Financial Times, Advansa International data

Table 2

3RD QUARTER 2014 EXCHANGE RATE CHANGE

LATIN AMERICA/CARIBBEAN

COUNTRY

3RD QTR PCT CHG

YTD

SEP PCT CHANGE

ARGENTINA

-3.57%

-22.99%

BRAZIL

9.70%

-3.27%

CHILE

-8.30%

-12.69%

COLOMBIA

-7.20%

-5.31%

COSTA RICA

1.30%

-6.98%

JAMAICA

-0.69%

-5.82%

MEXICO

-3.38%

-2.95%

PERU

-3.24%

-3.87%

TRINIDAD & TOBAGO

1.19%

-0.81%

Sources: Financial Times, Advansa International data

Emerging and frontier market stocks showed mixed results as the MSCI Emerging Markets Index rose 1.44%, Latin American stocks however mostly outperformed the broader emerging markets. The MSCI Latin America Index was up 5.29%. Argentina is obviously an outlier. One school of thought says that in Argentina investors are shifting to equities and away from fixed income which has driven the stock market to an unusually high level.

On Currency front, the US Dollar index rose from 99.316 in Q2 to 100.342 in Q3. The recent strength of the US dollar makes the region’s currencies appear weaker than they actually are. Still the real rose nearly 10% as Brazilian authorities raised interest rates.

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Reflections on the UN Climate Talks (Guest Post)

The pledges are a good sign if followed up with action. Meanwhile there is a role for the private sector in promoting and implementing renewable energy, as well as energy saving and monitoring products and services. This is a huge opportunity for impact investors to achieve measurable, tangible results.

caribbeanclimate

Indi Mclymont-Lafayette (L), Journalist and the Regional Director of Panos Caribbean Indi Mclymont-Lafayette (L), Journalist and the Regional Director of Panos Caribbean

COP 20 wrapped up in Lima, Peru last week and many attendees are reflecting on the negotiations. Today Caribbean Climate features a review by Indi Mclymont-Lafayette, a Journalist and the Regional Director of Panos Caribbean – a non-government organisation that focuses on development communication.

Soo… what has been achieved after two weeks of talks?

That was the question one of my friends whatsapped me – knowing that I was attending the 20th United Nations Climate Talks in Lima, Peru from December 1-12.

I hesitated before answering.

Truth to tell, if you followed the achievements highlighted by the United Nations – then a lot had been done. The achievements included:

  • Country pledges to the Green Climate Fund (GCF) pushing it past a US$10 billion start up target.
  • Germany pledging and giving 55 million Euros (roughly US$68 million) to the Adaptation…

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Major Latam Stock Index & Exchange Rate Changes in Q1-2014

 

 

Advansa International follows exchange rates and stock market indexes for several emerging and frontier markets. Exchange rates and stock indexes are recorded on the last trading day of the week. The tables below show changes from the last trading day of the last full week of the quarter for several key markets in Latin America, and the Caribbean.

Table 1 

 STOCK MARKET INDEX TRACKER 1ST QUARTER 2014

LATIN AMERICA/CARIBBEAN

COUNTRY

1ST QUARTER PCT CHANGE

ARGENTINA MERVAL-Local Currency

16.22%

ARGENTINA MERVAL-US$

-2.65%

BRAZIL BOVESPA-Local Currency

-6.02%

BRAZIL BOVESPA-US$

-0.36%

COLUMBIA IGBC-Local Currency

5.11%

COLUMBIA IGBC-US$

2.59%

JAMAICA MAIN INDEX-Local Currency

-4.12%

JAMAICA MAIN INDEX-US$

-7.07%

MEXICO-Local Currency

-6.33%

MEXICO-US$

-6.56%

MSCI LATIN AMERICA-Local Currency

-1.61%

MSCI LATIN AMERICA-US$

-4.20%

MSCI EMERGING MARKETS-Local Currency

0.79%

MSCI EMERGING MARKETS-US$

-0.23%

Sources: Stock exchangewebsites, Financial Times, Advansa International data

 

Table 2

1ST QUARTER 2014 EXCHANGE RATE CHANGE

LATIN AMERICA/CARIBBEAN

COUNTRY

1ST QTR PCT CHG

YTD

MAR PCT CHANGE

ARGENTINA

-18.87%

-18.87%

BRAZIL

5.66%

5.66%

CHILE

-4.88%

-4.88%

COLOMBIA

-2.51%

-2.51%

COSTA RICA

-8.05%

-8.05%

JAMAICA

-2.95%

-2.95%

MEXICO

0.24%

0.24%

PERU

-0.91%

-0.91%

TRINIDAD & TOBAGO

0.47%

0.47%

Sources: Financial Times, Advansa International data

In the Americas as in Africa the correction in emerging markets has become clearly visible in the 1st quarter of 2014. The MSCI Latin America index lost 1.6% and several currencies lost value, with Argentina being the standout due to continued high inflation. Exports of commodities played a bigger role in Latin America’s growth story than in other regions. Consequently, declining exports to Asia have put pressure on the trade balances of the big exporters like Argentina and Peru. Rising interest rates have helped the Brazilian real recover from previous losses but slow growth has contributed to lower stock prices. The long term outlook among investors is optimistic, with the length and depth of China’s economic slowdown being a major risk factor. Long term growth can resume if the future brings:

  • Political reform or even change of governments in some of the more volatile countries.
  • Adopting policies that enhance the region’s human capital (i.e. promoting education and entrepreneurship) and position their societies to enter high value industries that are more inclusive, and less dependent on undependable commodity prices.

 

 

 

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EMERGING MARKET INVESTING PART III – 5 KEY TAKEAWAYS FOR THE ENTERPRISE

For managers and entrepreneurs seeking private investment to fund an enterprise, the current environment is challenging, though still an improvement compared to prior decades. In Part III of our series, we offer 5 takeaways from 2013. These are concepts that are particularly appropriate to current market conditions and sensible in any period in the cycle.

1. Be mindful of the investing environment. We recall from Part I that private equity activity was down somewhat in 2013. Deals were down 7% and fundraising down 19% from the previous year. We know that the BRICS and other emerging economies have slowed down. So for the time being at least the emerging markets have lost some of their luster. All this has affected investor’s attitudes. Yet the long term outlook still looks good which is the message we stick to and the reason emerging economies still attract investor interest.

2. Owners and management should have a realistic understanding of the value of their enterprise, and where it fits into the spectrum of potential investments. They should also have thought through carefully their mission and objectives for the enterprise, for themselves, and for their communities.

3. Demonstrate the strength of the business model including evidence that the business or project can provide consistent cash flow. Examples include:

  • Signed contracts for current and future sales
  • For housing developments, a significant proportion of homes pre-sold either to residents or a large employer buying for its staff.
  • Offtake agreements for energy and power projects
  • Infrastructure projects that can collect tolls or user fees

4. Government support never hurts. Although most developing countries have improved business and political climates, they are still relatively difficult places to do business. It is therefore desirable to be on good terms with the relevant government bodies so. When everyone’s interests are aligned the red tape can be minimized.

The extent to which government backing is needed varies with the type of deal. For small startups it may not be necessary at all. In some cases the government is the customer then of course the company must be in a position to win a contract. In lieu of a contract, an MOU or government guarantee may be sufficient.

It should be noted that while government support is crucial, companies should avoid any activity that can be construed as corrupt as it will be an immediate turnoff to the investor. US investors are especially wary of running afoul of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. Any investor not appropriately concerned is probably one to avoid.

5. Strength of the management team. Investors look for relevant experience, a level of professionalism and an understanding of international performance standards. Most important, management and founders/owners should be prepared to act in the interest of building the value of the enterprise.

Current market conditions in emerging market PE investing indicate a plateau in deal growth. In this environment founders/owners should pay special attention to those factors that attract good investors. We think this is a short term phenomenon—a sensible pullback from the emerging market fever of the past few years. However the broader demographic, economic and geopolitical trends will continue to favor emerging markets in the long run. We believe capital will flow towards companies that have strengthened their foundations during the current slowdown.

 

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EMERGING MARKET INVESTING PART II – 3 VALUE ENHANCEMENT STRATEGIES

 

This 2nd installment of our private equity series looks at how investors have succeeded this past year. While these tactics are well known by major private equity institutions we also consider the smaller investor and those investors new to emerging market investing. This investor could be a family office, or an accredited individual investor or investor group that prefers direct investing over the limited partner role. [We will use the term “small investor” to encompass all of thee groups realizing that they are not always small in dollar terms] The approach we advocate comes under the general heading of value enhancement or value creation.

Successful emerging market investors contribute more than money to the success of their portfolio companies. With their own resources and by marshaling expertise in their networks they can enhance the value of these companies leading to a more favorable outcome at exit. This is typical of the large PE firms whose senior staff often have operating as well as financial experience.

Although not all investors will have this kind of expertise on staff, those with strong networks can mimic the kind of value enhancement that is standard procedure at the large institutions. There are professionals with region or sector specific expertise that can deliver on an outsourced basis what they cannot do in house.

Here are three value enhancement strategies:

1. Upgrading business processes

 

The investors’ due diligence should include an assessment of the company’s strengths as well as any challenges that would impede its ability to implement its business strategy. Process improvements can occur in any of several areas:

 

  • Distribution

  • Strengthening the management team

  • accounting/finance/risk management

  • ESG (Environmental, Social, and Governance) upgrades such as social impact measurement using IRIS, implementing a diversity strategy, or improving environmental sustainability

 

Small investor’s approach: Engage advisors with background in: the portfolio company’s industry, accounting and/or finance, ESG reporting & measurement.

 

 

2. Help portfolio companies open new markets

 

Within their region – especially important in African countries where it makes sense to combine several small country markets into larger regional ones.

 

In investor’s home market. There are companies that assist international firms in entering and selling in the US.

 

Essential for companies with small domestic markets. Opening new markets is key for Caribbean companies who need to go outside their small markets in order to scale.

 

Small investor’s approach:

 

Use investor’s network to link portfolio company to export opportunities.

 

Engage business development & marketing firms that specialize in helping foreign firms enter the US market

 

 

3. Provide constructive influence to portfolio companies even with a minority share

 

Small investor’s approach:

 

Work with companies where entrepreneurs’ managers’ and investor’s interest are aligned. Use the due diligence period to assess the mindset and culture of management. Look for:

 

  • Management teams and shareholders with a long term outlook

  • Shareholders with skin in the game, cash or mortgageable real estate for example.

  • In some cases it is feasible and desirable to have a level of decision making authority written into the deal.

 

Create alliances with like minded shareholders.

 

These are some of the ways in which a small PE investor can be helpful to emerging market portfolio companies to the benefit of all stakeholders.

 

 

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Emerging Markets Exchange Rates & Interest Rates 14 March 2014

 

 

EXCHANGE RATES 3/7/2014 3/14/2014 %CHG
AMERICAS
 
ARGENTINA 7.8613 7.8945 -0.42%
BRAZIL 2.3407 2.3598 -0.81%
CHILE 565.3500 571.5900 -1.09%
COLUMBIA 2,038.3300 2,041.4800 -0.15%
COSTA RICA 559.6900 549.9650 1.77%
JAMAICA 108.2650 108.7450 -0.44%
MEXICO 13.1922 13.2290 -0.28%
PERU 2.8035 2.8040 -0.02%
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 6.3820 6.3810 0.02%
VENEZUELA 6.2921 6.2921 0.00%
 
 
AFRICA
 
BOTSWANA 8.7873 8.8456 -0.66%
COTE D’IVOIRE (CFA) 473.2050 471.0640 0.45%
GHANA 2.5333 2.5520 -0.73%
KENYA 86.5500 86.5000 0.06%
NAMIBIA 10.7383 10.7215 0.16%
NIGERIA 164.6000 164.6500 -0.03%
SENEGAL (CFA) 473.2050 471.0640 0.45%
SOUTH AFRICA 10.7383 10.7215 0.16%
TANZANIA 1,633.0000 1,635.5000 -0.15%
UGANDA 2,515.0000 2,520.0000 -0.20%
ZAMBIA 5.9600 6.0500 -1.49%
ZAMBIA-Boz Bid 5.9401 6.0208 -1.34%
ZAMBIA-Boz Ask 5.9501 6.0308 -1.34%
ZIMBABWE 378.0000 378.0000 0.00%
 
INDIA 61.0950 61.1650 -0.11%
 
 
INTEREST RATES 3/7/2014 3/14/2014
 
UNITED STATES
3 month T-Bill 0.06% 0.05%
6 Month T-Bill 0.09% 0.08%
10 Year T-Bond 2.80% 2.65%
30 Yr Fixed Mortgage-Bankrate.com 4.45% 4.50%
30 Yr Fixed Mortgage-MBA 4.52%
 
 
AMERICAS
 
BRAZIL
SELIC Rate-Daily 10.65% 10.65%
 
MEXICO
3 Month T-Bill 3.29% 3.30%
6 Month T-Bill 3.45% 3.44%
1 Year T-Bill 3.64% 3.62%
 
PERU
Central Bank Reference Rate 4.00% 4.00%
 
AFRICA
 
GHANA
3 Month T-Bill 21.23% 22.89%
6 Month T-Bill 20.99% 21.11%
1 Year T-Bill 17.00% 20.00%
2 Year T-Bill 17.50% 20.00%
3 Year T-Bill
5 Year T-Bill
 
KENYA
3 Month T-Bill 9.12% 8.95%
6 Month T-Bill 10.35% 10.05%
1 Year T-Bond 10.61% 10.41%
4 Year T-Bond
 
NAMIBIA
3 month T-Bill
6 Month T-Bill
1 Year T-Bill
 
NIGERIA
91 Day Gov’t Security-OMO
182 Day Gov’t Security-OMO
364 Day Gov’t Security-OMO
91 Day Gov’t Security-PMO 12.25% 12.25%
182 Day Gov’t Security-PMO 14.31% 14.31%
364 Day Gov’t Security-PMO 15.61% 15.61%
 
SOUTH AFRICA
3 Month T-Bill 5.76% 5.75%
6 Month T-Bill 6.21% 6.21%
1 Year T-Bill 6.63% 6.50%
10.5% (2026) 8.44% 8.54%
13.5% (2015) 6.94% 7.01%
 
UGANDA
3 month T-Bill 9.76% 9.76%
6 Month T-Bill
1 Year T-Bill
2 Year T-Bond 13.72% 13.72%
3 Year T-Bond 13.19% 13.19%
5 Year T-Bond 13.92% 13.92%
10 Year T-Bond 13.94% 13.94%
 
ZAMBIA
3 Month T-Bill 8.00% 8.00%
6 Month T-Bill 14.90% 15.00%
1 Year T-Bill 15.23% 15.45%
2 Year T-Bill 14.00% 14.00%
3 Year T-Bill 15.00% 15.00%
5 Year T-Bond 16.00% 16.00%
10 Year T-Bond 17.90% 17.90%
15 Year T-Bond 17.90% 17.90%
INDIA
3 Month T-Bill 9.19% 9.27%
6 Month T-Bill 9.10% 9.12%
1 Year T-Bill 9.03% 9.03%
Base Lending Rate 10.25% 10.25%
Policy Rate 9.00% 9.00%

 

 

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Emerging Markets Exchange Rates & Interest Rates – 7 March 2014

 

 

EXCHANGE RATES 2/28/2014 3/7/2014 %CHG
AMERICAS  
   
ARGENTINA 7.8725 7.8613 0.14%
BRAZIL 2.3360 2.3407 -0.20%
CHILE 557.9550 565.3500 -1.31%
COLUMBIA 2047.4500 2,038.3300 0.45%
COSTA RICA 546.0600 559.6900 -2.44%
JAMAICA 108.0050 108.2650 -0.24%
MEXICO 13.2443 13.1922 0.39%
PERU 2.7985 2.8035 -0.18%
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 6.4100 6.4100 0.00%
VENEZUELA 6.2921 6.2921 0.00%
   
   
AFRICA  
   
BOTSWANA 8.8339 8.7873 0.53%
COTE D’IVOIRE (CFA) 474.9350 473.2050 0.37%
GHANA 2.5800 2.5333 1.84%
KENYA 86.4500 86.5500 -0.12%
NAMIBIA 10.7418 10.7383 0.03%
NIGERIA 164.9500 164.6000 0.21%
SENEGAL (CFA) 474.9350 473.2050 0.37%
SOUTH AFRICA 10.7418 10.7383 0.03%
TANZANIA 1625.0000 1,633.0000 -0.49%
UGANDA 2535.0000 2,515.0000 0.80%
ZAMBIA 5.8250 5.9600 -2.27%
ZAMBIA-Boz Bid 5.8012 5.9401 -2.34%
ZAMBIA-Boz Ask 5.8112 5.9501 -2.33%
ZIMBABWE 378.0000 378.0000 0.00%
   
INDIA 61.9800 61.0950 1.45%
 
 
INTEREST RATES 2/28/2014 3/7/2014
 
UNITED STATES
3 month T-Bill 0.05% 0.06%
6 Month T-Bill 0.08% 0.09%
10 Year T-Bond 2.56% 2.80%
30 Yr Fixed Mortgage-Bankrate.com 4.48% 4.45%
30 Yr Fixed Mortgage-MBA
 
 
AMERICAS
 
BRAZIL
SELIC Rate-Daily 10.65% 10.65%
 
MEXICO
3 Month T-Bill 3.30% 3.29%
6 Month T-Bill 3.49% 3.45%
1 Year T-Bill 3.66% 3.64%
 
PERU
Central Bank Reference Rate 4.00% 4.00%
 
AFRICA
 
GHANA
3 Month T-Bill 21.08% 21.23%
6 Month T-Bill 20.94% 20.99%
1 Year T-Bill 17.00% 17.00%
2 Year T-Bill 17.50% 17.50%
3 Year T-Bill
5 Year T-Bill
 
KENYA
3 Month T-Bill 9.15% 9.12%
6 Month T-Bill 10.36% 10.35%
1 Year T-Bond 10.67% 10.61%
4 Year T-Bond
 
NAMIBIA
3 month T-Bill
6 Month T-Bill
1 Year T-Bill
 
NIGERIA
91 Day Gov’t Security-OMO
182 Day Gov’t Security-OMO
364 Day Gov’t Security-OMO
91 Day Gov’t Security-PMO 12.26% 12.25%
182 Day Gov’t Security-PMO 14.06% 14.31%
364 Day Gov’t Security-PMO 15.20% 15.61%
 
SOUTH AFRICA
3 Month T-Bill 5.59% 5.76%
6 Month T-Bill 6.16% 6.21%
1 Year T-Bill 6.67% 6.63%
10.5% (2026) 8.56% 8.44%
13.5% (2015) 7.13% 6.94%
 
UGANDA
3 month T-Bill 9.56% 9.76%
6 Month T-Bill
1 Year T-Bill
2 Year T-Bond 13.72% 13.72%
3 Year T-Bond 13.19% 13.19%
5 Year T-Bond 13.92% 13.92%
10 Year T-Bond 13.94% 13.94%
 
ZAMBIA
3 Month T-Bill 8.00% 8.00%
6 Month T-Bill 14.90% 14.90%
1 Year T-Bill 15.23% 15.23%
2 Year T-Bill 14.00% 14.00%
3 Year T-Bill 15.00% 15.00%
5 Year T-Bond 16.00% 16.00%
10 Year T-Bond 17.90% 17.90%
15 Year T-Bond 17.90% 17.90%
INDIA
3 Month T-Bill 9.15% 9.19%
6 Month T-Bill 9.10% 9.10%
1 Year T-Bill 9.00% 9.03%
Base Lending Rate 10.25% 10.25%
Policy Rate 9.00% 9.00%

 

 

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UN Launches International Year of SIDS

caribbeanclimate

Credit: The 5Cs Credit: The 5Cs

At the recently concluded  global launch of the International Year of Small Island Developing States (SIDS), to be celebrated throughout 2014, Ronald Jumeau, Ambassador of Climate Change and SIDS, Seychelles, who served as Master of Ceremonies, noted that the occasion marks the first time the UN has dedicated an International Year to a particular category of countries. The launch ceremony took place at UN Headquarters in New York, US, on 24 February 2014.

John Ashe, President of the UN General Assembly (UNGA), said that while SIDS are seen as exotic, tropical paradises, they face limited human resources and institutional capacity, and extreme vulnerability to exogenous shocks and natural disasters. The Year provides opportunities to: celebrate SIDS’ contributions to the global family; address their environmental degradation, social and economic marginalization; and harness fresh commitments and energy for the tasks ahead. Recalling the Barbados Programme of Action (BPOA) and…

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Emerging Markets Exchange Rates & Interest Rates 28 February 2014

 

 

EXCHANGE RATES 2/21/2014 2/28/2014 %CHG
AMERICAS    
     
ARGENTINA 7.8375 7.8725 -0.44%
BRAZIL 2.3556 2.3360 0.84%
CHILE 554.1400 557.9550 -0.68%
COLUMBIA 2,045.2300 2047.4500 -0.11%
COSTA RICA 529.8500 546.0600 -2.97%
JAMAICA 107.7600 108.0050 -0.23%
MEXICO 13.2690 13.2443 0.19%
PERU 2.8065 2.7985 0.29%
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO 6.4100 6.4100 0.00%
VENEZUELA 6.2921 6.2921 0.00%
   
   
AFRICA  
   
BOTSWANA 8.9928 8.8339 1.80%
COTE D’IVOIRE (CFA) 477.2330 474.9350 0.48%
GHANA 2.5200 2.5800 -2.33%
KENYA 86.2000 86.4500 -0.29%
NAMIBIA 10.9455 10.7418 1.90%
NIGERIA 165.0000 164.9500 0.03%
SENEGAL (CFA) 477.2330 474.9350 0.48%
SOUTH AFRICA 10.9455 10.7418 1.90%
TANZANIA 1,627.0000 1625.0000 0.12%
UGANDA 2,460.0000 2535.0000 -2.96%
ZAMBIA 5.7850 5.8250 -0.69%
ZAMBIA-Boz Bid 5.7742 5.8012 -0.47%
ZAMBIA-Boz Ask 5.7842 5.8112 -0.46%
ZIMBABWE 378.0000 378.0000 0.00%
   
INDIA 62.0750 61.9800 0.15%
 
 
INTEREST RATES 2/21/2014 2/28/2014
 
UNITED STATES
3 month T-Bill 0.05% 0.05%
6 Month T-Bill 0.08% 0.08%
10 Year T-Bond 2.73% 2.56%
30 Yr Fixed Mortgage-Bankrate.com 4.49% 4.48%
30 Yr Fixed Mortgage-MBA 4.53%
 
 
AMERICAS
 
BRAZIL
SELIC Rate-Daily 10.40% 10.65%
 
MEXICO
3 Month T-Bill 3.36% 3.30%
6 Month T-Bill 3.50% 3.49%
1 Year T-Bill 3.69% 3.66%
 
PERU
Central Bank Reference Rate 4.00% 4.00%
 
AFRICA
 
GHANA
3 Month T-Bill 20.79% 21.08%
6 Month T-Bill 20.27% 20.94%
1 Year T-Bill 17.00% 17.00%
2 Year T-Bill 17.50% 17.50%
3 Year T-Bill 23.00%
5 Year T-Bill
 
KENYA
3 Month T-Bill 9.15% 9.15%
6 Month T-Bill 10.36% 10.36%
1 Year T-Bond 10.67% 10.67%
4 Year T-Bond
 
NAMIBIA
3 month T-Bill
6 Month T-Bill
1 Year T-Bill
 
NIGERIA
91 Day Gov’t Security-OMO
182 Day Gov’t Security-OMO
364 Day Gov’t Security-OMO
91 Day Gov’t Security-PMO 12.10% 12.26%
182 Day Gov’t Security-PMO 13.01% 14.06%
364 Day Gov’t Security-PMO 14.07% 15.20%
 
SOUTH AFRICA
3 Month T-Bill 5.50% 5.59%
6 Month T-Bill 6.07% 6.16%
1 Year T-Bill 6.58% 6.67%
10.5% (2026) 8.65% 8.56%
13.5% (2015) 7.34% 7.13%
 
UGANDA
3 month T-Bill 9.27% 9.56%
6 Month T-Bill
1 Year T-Bill
2 Year T-Bond 13.04% 13.72%
3 Year T-Bond 13.19% 13.19%
5 Year T-Bond 13.92% 13.92%
10 Year T-Bond 13.94% 13.94%
 
ZAMBIA
3 Month T-Bill 8.00% 8.00%
6 Month T-Bill 14.99% 14.90%
1 Year T-Bill 15.30% 15.23%
2 Year T-Bill 14.00% 14.00%
3 Year T-Bill 15.00% 15.00%
5 Year T-Bond 16.00% 16.00%
10 Year T-Bond 17.90% 17.90%
15 Year T-Bond 17.90% 17.90%
INDIA
3 Month T-Bill 9.11% 9.15%
6 Month T-Bill 9.08% 9.10%
1 Year T-Bill 9.00% 9.00%
Base Lending Rate 10.25% 10.25%
Policy Rate 9.00% 9.00%

 

 

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